Australia is the only country that has a whole continent to itself. World famous for its natural wonders and wide open spaces, its beaches, deserts, “the bush”, and “the Outback”, Australia is actually one of the world’s most highly urbanised countries. It is also well known for the cosmopolitan attractions of its large cities such as Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane and Perth.


Australia is the smallest continent but sixth-largest country by land area. It is comparable in size to the 48 contiguous United States. Australia is bordered to the west by the Indian Ocean, and to the east by the South Pacific Ocean. The Tasman Sea lies to the southeast, separating it from New Zealand, while the Coral Sea lies to the northeast. Papua New Guinea, East Timor and Indonesia are Australia’s northern neighbours, separated from Australia by the Arafura Sea and the Timor Sea.

Australia is highly urbanised with most of the population heavily concentrated along the eastern and south-eastern coasts. Most of the inland areas of the country are semi-arid. The most-populous states are Victoria and New South Wales, but by far the largest in land area is Western Australia.


As a large continent a wide variation of climates are found across Australia. Most of the country receives more than 3,000 hours of sunshine a year. Generally, the north is hot and tropical, while the south tends to sub-tropical and temperate. Most rainfall is around the coast, and much of the centre is arid and semi-arid.

The daytime maximum temperatures in Darwin rarely drop below 30°C (86°F), even in winter, while night temperatures in winter usually hover around 15-20°C (59-68°F). Temperatures in some southern regions can drop below freezing in winter and the Snowy Mountains in the South East experiences metres of winter snow. Parts of Tasmania have a temperature range very similar to England. As Australia is in the southern hemisphere the winter is June-August while December-February is summer. The winter is the dry season in the tropics, and the summer is the wet. In the southern parts of the country, the seasonal temperature variation is greater. The rainfall is more evenly distributed throughout the year in the southern parts of the East Coast, while in the rest of the south beyond the Great Dividing Range, the summers are dry with the bulk of the rainfall occuring in winter.

Types of Visa for Australia

Employer Sponsored Workers
For people with recognised skills seeking to work in Australia after being sponsored by an Australian or overseas employer.

Professionals and other Skilled Migrants
This program, also known as General Skilled Migration, is for people who are not sponsored by an employer but who have skills in particular occupations required in Australia.

Business People
For people to come to Australia for a business-related visit. Also for people to establish, manage or develop a new or existing business, or invest in Australia.

Skill Select
SkillSelect is an online system that enables skilled workers interested in migrating to Australia to record their details to be considered for a skilled visa through an Expression of Interest (EOI).

Specialist Entry
For people to participate in specific professional, cultural, social or research activities.

Doctors and Nurses
Information and visa options for doctors and nurses who want to work in Australia.

Regional Employment
Information about options available to encourage skilled migrants to live and work in areas outside of Australia’s major cities.

Skills Australia Needs Events
Skills Australia Needs Events are designed to help meet the current skills shortages in Australia. They allow skilled workers to meet with employers and state and territory governments about employment and sponsorship opportunities in Australia.

Air and Sea Crew
Information about visas and entry requirements for air and sea crew coming to Australia.

Pacific Seasonal Worker Scheme
Information for people from Kiribati, Papua New Guinea, Tonga and Vanuatu seeking to work in Australia under the Pacific Seasonal Worker Scheme.

dogra123dinesh@gmail.comThe general residence requirement is one of the eligibility criteria you must meet to apply for Australian citizenship. The residence requirement is specified in the Australian Citizenship Act 2007.

It is based on the length of time :

  • you have lawfully lived in Australia
  • you have spent outside Australia
  • you have been a permanent resident.